All species of Bees, Wasps & Hornets have four stages of development within its life cycle which are the Egg, the Larvae, the Pupae and an Adult. .
- .Honey Bees (Apis Mellifera) - usually reside in areas of vegetation and unusually in objects within those surroundings, though it is still common for them to in a premises or shed where shelter and warmth is present. Hives (solid and yellow in colour if it stands alone externally) are created as group collaboration by the worker bees made of secreted wax cells which are capable of holding honey and eggs becoming larvae, pupae then adults. A queen is capable of laying up to anything from 900-1,800 eggs a day (depending on the nest size).
- Wasps (Vespula Vulgaris) - will reside in most locations as long as shelter and warmth are present, though commonly form nests which are paper thin and resemble a dull grey or pine yellow colour. Queens form a small cell nest containing 10-20 eggs which become larvae, pupae then adults carrying out works to supporting and enlarging the nest. The queen will continue to lay eggs which can be anything from 3,000-5,000 (depending on the nest size).
- Hornets (Vespa Crabro) - resemble (though they are larger than) the common wasp as do their hives, though these also differ as they look fragmented or cracked with the inner cells exposed from the bottom. Besides those characteristics, they still nest within cavities walls of lofts and sheds and are built the same as a wasp nest. Their reproductive process is also the same as a wasp's cycle.
Honey Bees Queens can approximately live up to 3 years if winter is survived and Wasps/Hornets approximately live up to 12 months giving them a long enough duration for an infestation to become uncontrollable. Within this time frame, contamination, damage to materials and physical harm are likely outcomes of their presence making their eradication is necessary.